Investigación del Proceso de Cambio en Psicoterapia en la Adultez en Pacientes con Depresión
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change process research
psycotherapy
depression
systematic review investigación del proceso de cambio
psicoterapia
depresión
revisión sistemática

Cómo citar

Garrido Rojas, L., & Kreither , J. (2024). Investigación del Proceso de Cambio en Psicoterapia en la Adultez en Pacientes con Depresión: Una Revisión Sistemática de la Última Década. Terapia Psicológica, 42(1), 29-68. Recuperado a partir de http://www.teps.cl/index.php/teps/article/view/610

Resumen

La investigación del proceso de cambio en psicoterapia es el estudio de los procesos por los cuales ocurre el cambio en psicoterapia. Siendo la depresión una problemática con altas prevalencias y diversas complicaciones, es una tarea ineludible de los clínicos poder entender cómo ocurre el proceso de cambio en pacientes con este diagnóstico. Por ello, este estudio tiene como objetivo realizar una revisión sistemática de la literatura, para explorar y analizar la investigación empírica del proceso de cambio en psicoterapia individual en la adultez en pacientes con depresión, en los últimos diez años. La revisión se realizó en las bases de datos Web of Science, APA PsycNet, PubMed y EBSCO, siguiendo los lineamientos que señala la metodología PRISMA. Luego del proceso de tamizaje y revisión, se seleccionaron y analizaron 39 artículos. Se aprecia una clara tendencia a la utilización de metodologías mixtas de investigación, es decir, cualitativas y cuantitativas, con diseños longitudinales en casi la totalidad de estudios y una amplia gama de instrumentos para la recolección de datos. Los resultados sugieren que el proceso de cambio suele seguir un desarrollo no lineal, originando comúnmente cambios positivos profundos en áreas diversas y con trayectorias que tienden a patrones comunes.

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