Propiedades psicométricas del ENRICHD Social Support Instrument (ESSI) en una muestra chilena

Palabras clave

apoyo social
relaciones interpersonales
análisis factorial confirmatorio
psicometría social support
social relationships
confirmatory factor analysis

Cómo citar

Ortiz, M. S., Villena, C., Salinas-Rehbein, B. ., Neira-Vallejos, S., & Schleef, J. (2022). Propiedades psicométricas del ENRICHD Social Support Instrument (ESSI) en una muestra chilena. Terapia Psicológica, 40(3), 331-346. Recuperado a partir de


Introducción: El apoyo social percibido es una variable relevante en los procesos de salud-enfermedad. Es importante que los instrumentos dirigidos a medir este constructo presenten evidencia de fiabilidad y validez. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar las propiedades psicométricas del ESSI en población chilena, y su invarianza de medida entre hombres y mujeres, y entre universitarios y adultos. Método: Dos muestras no probabilísticas, una de universitarios (n = 538) y una de adultos (n = 446) fueron enrolados en un estudio transversal. Los datos fueron analizados con análisis factorial confirmatorio multigrupo y análisis de consistencia interna con Omega de McDonald (ω). Resultados: La estructura unidimensional de la ESSI fue confirmada en la muestra completa. Asimismo, se demostró invarianza escalar entre hombres y mujeres, e invarianza escalar parcial entre universitarios y adultos. La fiabilidad de los puntajes de la ESSI fue adecuada (ω > .80). Conclusión: Los puntajes de la ESSI presentan evidencia de validez factorial y fiabilidad en población chilena. La escala puede ser utilizada para medir apoyo social percibido, aunque es recomendable su uso diferenciado entre universitarios y adultos.



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